Background global efforts to end female genital mutilation (fgm) have intensified in recent decades because of the rising awareness that such a practice is an act of extreme violence against women and girls. Female genital mutilation essay filed under: sample papers — tags: argumentative essay on female genital mutilation, female genital mutilation research paper, persuasive essay on female genital essays, research papers, dissertations, book reviews, should be used as reference material only therefore, when citing a paper you get from. An infibulation must be opened either through penetrative sexual intercourse or surgery type iv: this type consists of all other procedures to the genitalia of women for non-medical purposes, such as pricking, piercing, incising, scraping and cauterization.
Female genital mutilation (fgm), a deeply rooted traditional practice, is believed to have started in egypt some 2,000 years ago it is estimated that more than 135 million girls and women in the world have undergone fgm and 2 million girls a year are at risk of mutilation. An essay or paper on infibulation more than eight million women and girls are at risk for having their genitals mutilated in other countries around the world, women and children go through this gruesome procedure it is called infibulation, which consists of cutting out the clitoris and labia after the procedure, the vagina is sec. According to the world health organization the following forms of fgm are used: description of the different types of female genital mutilation female genital mutilation is usually performed by traditional practitioners, generally elderly women in the community specially designated for this task, or traditional birth attendants.
Female genital mutilation worldwide, an estimated 130 million girls and women have undergone female genital mutilation at least two million women a year are “at risk” of undergoing some form of the procedure. Duncan et al (2000:1) point out that “female circumcision” has become “female genital mutilation” and a “traditional practice” has become a “human rights violation. Building on two decades of council research, in february 2015 the council was awarded a contract from the uk department for international development (dfid) titled, “female genital mutilation and cutting (fgm/c) research programme. The practice of female genital mutilation, also known as female circumcision, occurs throughout the world, but it is most common in africa female genital mutilation is a tradition and social custom to keep a young girl pure and a married woman faithful. Infibulation, a form of female genital mutilation image: paddy allen/guardian type three is when all of the external parts of the genitals are cut off or repositioned.
Home female genital mutilation (fgm) frequently asked questions female genital mutilation (fgm) frequently asked questions female genital mutilation (fgm) frequently asked questions february 2018 author: unfpa women and girls, aged 15-49, who have undergone some form of fgm. The journal of sex research vol26 no3, pp375-392 august, 1989 hanny lightfoot-klein, ma in a study conducted over a 5-year period, the author interviewed over 300 sudanese women and 100 sudanese men on the sexual experience of circumcised and infibulated women. Issue female genital mutilation (fgm) is defined as procedures involving partial or total removal of female genitalia or other injury to female genital organs. This sample female circumcision research paper is published for educational and informational purposes only if you need help writing your assignment, please use our research paper writing service and buy a paper on any topic at affordable price also check our tips on how to write a research paper, see the lists of research paper topics, and browse research paper examples.
Sexuality research paper by lauren bradshaw july 31, 2012 sample research papers introduction: the article was centred mostly on the area of female stereotypes in the uk, considering the frequency with which they played their roles in the advertisements information in the article was also extracted by reviewing the literature on the. Female genital mutilation also known as female circumcision is the partial or complete removal of the external female genitalia, or other harm caused to the female genital organs for cultural or other non-medical reasons fgm began in africa many years ago and still has effect on many women today. Research papers on female infibulation female genital mutilation comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the software project thesis external female genitalia, or other injury research papers on female infibulation to research papers on female infibulation the female genital funding was provided by the wallace global.
Female genital mutilation, also known as ‘female genital cutting’, ‘female genital mutilation/cutting’ or ‘cutting’, refers to ‘all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or. Call for proposals: research on female genital mutilation and female sexuality 9 june 2006 other factors argued to be related to women’s decisions to support fgm such as sexual pleasure, religion, marriage, and fertility (9). The controversial and complex practice of female circumcision also known as female genital mutilation is one that carries important negative consequences for the quality of life of those who have undergone the procedure the objective of this paper is to highlight the importance of health. Opponents of female circumcision, also known as female genital mutilation, see it as a violation of human rights female circumcision is practiced in many forms type i, clitoridectomy, is the removal of the clitoral hood with or without removal of all or part of the clitoris.
Request pdf on researchgate | on oct 16, 2003, lucrezia catania and others published quality of sexual life in women with infibulation assessed with the female sexual function index (fsfi. Abstract female genital mutilation (fgm) or female genital cutting (fgc) refers to a range of harmful traditional practices performed on infants, girls, and women in certain ethnic groups. Functionalism can best be used to describe female genital mutilation due to the role each group plays in their society functionalism is “a theoretical framework in which society is viewed as composed of various parts, each with a function that, when fulfilled, contributes to society’s equilibrium” (henslin 366. Female genital mutilation comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons (who) it is also sometimes referred to as female genital cutting or female circumcision.